Philippians, Paul's epistle to the

Philippians, Paul's epistle to the
In the NT, the sixth of Paul's epistles. The Christian community at Philippi in Macedonia was highly regarded by Paul and this letter includes a warm appreciation of their financial contribution for his needs (Phil. 4:15–20). There seems to have been plenty of exchange of news between Paul and the Church, both by correspondence (Phil. 3:1) and also through personal visits of Timothy and Epaphroditus (Phil. 2:19–30). This has suggested to some commentators that Paul's imprisonment where he was writing was more likely to have been in Ephesus than in distant Rome, in which case (at Ephesus) it would have been in about 55 CE. The references to the ‘praetorium’ (1:13) and ‘Caesar's household’ could apply as well to Ephesus as to Rome. But in fact there is no clear evidence for an Ephesian imprisonment. See Philemon, Paul's epistle to.
The epistle to the Philippians includes the important Christological section, 2:1–11, which is also very difficult to interpret. Possibly it was a hymn already in Christian use which Paul has incorporated here as a poem of praise for the Christ who had voluntarily renounced his equality with God, accepted the agony of the Cross, and was at length crowned by God to rule over the whole universe. It is a passage seized on by a few modern theologians to explain a doctrine of the incarnation: Christ ‘emptied himself’ of such divine attributes as omniscience and so in his human person had all the limitations in knowledge of a 1st-cent. Jew. This is a theory now generally discarded, for it seems to posit a Christ who retained some divine attributes but relinquished others. The difficult expression in 2:6 is interpreted by NRSV as meaning that Christ did not regard his equality with God as a status to be ‘exploited’.
Behind this account of the pre-existence and humanity of Christ may lie the portrait of the Servant of the Lord of Isa. 40–55, especially Isa. 52:13–53:12, who suffered undeservedly but was vindicated by God and in the event (his death) he justified many and himself carried their iniquities. What Christ did should be an example to the Philippian Christians to renounce self-centredness and give themselves to others (2:4).

Dictionary of the Bible.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Romans, Paul's epistle to the — Written in Corinth, probably in 57 CE, to a Church which Paul had never yet seen but which he was hoping to visit. The letter was to prepare the ground for such a visit. Paul wrote to give careful exposition of his understanding of the Christian… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Epistle to the Philippians —     Epistle to the Philippians     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Epistle to the Philippians     I. HISTORICAL CIRCUMSTANCES, OCCASION, AND CHARACTER     (See also PHILIPPI).     The Philippians, who were much endeared to St. Paul (i, 3, 7; iv, 1) had …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Epistle to the Philippians — The Epistle to the Philippians (or simply Philippians) is a book included in the New Testament of the Bible. It is a letter from St. Paul to the church of Philippi. It is one of the authentic Pauline epistles, written c 62.Harris, Stephen L.,… …   Wikipedia

  • Epistle to the Ephesians —     Epistle to the Ephesians     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Epistle to the Ephesians     This article will be treated under the following heads:     ♦ I. Analysis of the Epistle;     ♦ II. Special Characteristics:     ♦ (1) Form:     (a)… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Epistle to the Colossians —     Epistle to the Colossians     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Epistle to the Colossians     One of the four Captivity Epistles written by St. Paul during his first imprisonment in Rome the other three being Ephesians, Philemon and Philippians. That …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Epistle to the Romans — The Epistle of St. Paul the Apostle to the Romans is one of the letters of the New Testament canon of the Christian Bible. Often referred to simply as Romans, it is one of the seven currently undisputed letters of Paul. It is even counted among… …   Wikipedia

  • Philippians, Epistle to the — • Epistle written by St. Paul to the Christians of Philippi Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Epistle to the Colossians — Books of the New Testament …   Wikipedia

  • Epistle to the Hebrews — Books of the New Testament …   Wikipedia

  • Epistle to the Philippians — noun a New Testament book containing an epistle from Saint Paul to the church at Philippi in Macedonia • Syn: ↑Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Philippians, ↑Philippians • Instance Hypernyms: ↑Epistle • Part Holonyms: ↑New Testament …   Useful english dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”